Calgary came out on top overall, ranking first for both economy and innovation. A westward shift in Canada’s economic activity in recent years has led to Alberta’s largest city becoming more attractive for newcomers. The pace of growth in Calgary means that some poorer results in areas such as teacher-to-student ratios and the number of hospital beds per capita were expected, as aligning public services with the pace of growth proves to be a challenge.
The Toronto suburb of Richmond Hill, where visible minorities make up a significant proportion of the population, ranked third in the study. Richmond Hill scored high in education, innovation and society , and was ranked as the third-most diverse city in Canada. It also has the highest number of engineering, science and mathematics graduates per capita.
Vancouver’s high quality of life was illustrated by strong results in environment and society. “Graced with a beautiful setting and temperate climate, Vancouver is one of the key destinations for new Canadians, including a young demographic,” said the report.
Waterloo, home to a large number of startups, was recognised as a hub for innovation. Waterloo ranked first in education, second in innovation, and third for its economy. The city “shines as one of the top cities for migrants, thanks to its well-earned reputation for innovation and education,” said the report.
Canada’s capital city, Ottawa, fared well in the society, education, innovation and economy categories, coming second overall. Ottawa benefits from a highly educated public workforce, which has “helped to incubate creative ideas and to seed private-sector innovation,” according to the report.
Perhaps the most surprising city to get an “A” grade was St. John’s, Newfoundland, which performed exceptionally in health. St. John’s oil wealth also allowed for a strong showing under the economy category.
The proposed changes have been tabled in a bill before Canadian Parliament. Though it may be months before the bill is passed, when it does the path to Canadian Citizenship may become a lot more challenging for many Canadian permanent residents.
Below is a brief outline of the proposed changes, as well as important information for current and future citizenship applicants:
According to the government, the proposed changes are intended to strengthen the value of Canadian citizenship and streamline the application process. They are grouped under four broad categories:
Within each of the categories are lists of specific legislative changes. They are as follows:
Blueprint for citizenship improvements
This category will introduce new rules and procedures that will streamline the overall program and application process. They are:
Reinforcing the value of Canadian citizenship
This category includes changes that will modify residency and other requirements for program eligibility. They are:
Cracking down on citizenship fraud
This category will introduce new policies that will seek to discourage fraud, whether it is from crooked consultants or applicants themselves. The new rules are:
Protecting and Promoting Canada’s interests and values
This final category includes new rules that will change not only the way some groups of individuals are issued citizenship, but also how some citizens may lose their citizenship. They are:
What this Means for Current Applicants
It is important to the note that the above changes are part of a bill, and that they have not yet been implemented. Depending on the political process, it could take months before the bill becomes law. Until then, any parts of the bill may be added, subtracted or modified.
“Right now we are in a grace period of sorts, but it won’t last long,” said Attorney David Cohen. “Eligible applicants should absolutely seize the moment and apply right away. If and when the rules change, some may not have another shot at citizenship for a considerable time.”
What this Means for Future Applicants
Of course, Canadian permanent residents have no option but to wait until they fulfill residency requirements or are otherwise eligible to apply for citizenship. In the meantime, they can take what they know about the upcoming changes and begin preparing for their citizenship application in advance.
For instance, individuals who think they need to improve their English or French language skills can begin doing so now. Other future applicants may chose to begin learning about Canadian history and civics so as to prepare for the knowledge test. They should also pay close attention to developments in the realm of Canadian citizenship, and take note of how new announcements may affect their candidacy.
Regardless of how they choose to proceed, potential Canadian citizens should be aware that many of the rules above require significant clarifications in terms of requirements and implementation. New developments will be posted on CIC News as they are announced.
“Although the changes being made to the Citizenship Act are significant, applicants should take heart,” said Attorney David Cohen. “They have already done the hard part and gained entry to Canada as permanent residents. They now have the benefit of living in the country and being familiar with Canadian society. As long as they prepare their applications carefully, I trust that they will be able to achieve the final step in their immigration journey, and become full Canadian citizens.”
Christmas in the old town of Quebec, Canada
Note: A maximum of 12,000 applications accepted under the CEC
Between November 9, 2013 and October 31, 2014, CIC will accept a maximum of 12,000 complete applications under the Canadian Experience Class. Within this cap, there will be sub-caps of 200 applications for each National Occupational Classification B applications. You cannot use work experience in the following occupations to qualify for the CEC:
In addition, we are not accepting online payments for permanent residence applications under the Canadian Experience Class at this time.